Earthquake map of America shows one third of the country is at risk of tremors... and the data leaves OUT quakes caused by fracking
A massive earthquake could plunge large parts of California into the sea INSTANTLY
- The discovery was made after studying the Newport-Inglewood fault
- Major earthquakes on the fault centuries ago caused areas to sink 3ft
- Today that could result in the area ending up at or below sea level
- Scientists believe the 'Big One' is now overdue to hit California
A newly released map showing which places in the U.S. are most at risk of earthquake shows that the possibility of seismic activity has risen for a third of the country.
The U.S. Geological Survey on Thursday updated its national seismic hazard maps for the first time since 2008, taking into account research from the devastating 2011 earthquake and tsunami off the Japanese coast, and the surprise 2011 Virginia quake.
The maps, which are used for building codes and insurance purposes, have not included data from earthquakes potentially caused by the controversial practice of fracking in several states.
Shaky ground: The U.S. Geological Society has produced a new map showing which parts of the U.S. are most at risk of an earthquake
According to the maps, those places with the highest risk have a 2 percent chance of experiencing 'very intense shaking' over a 50-year lifespan, USGS project chief Mark Petersen said.
Those with lower hazard ratings would experience less intense swaying measured in gravitational force.
Shaking it up: States most at risk of experiencing an earthquake
Data from the maps has highlighted 16 states with the highest earthquake risk:
Alaska, Hawaii, California, Oregon, Washington, Nevada, Utah, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Illinois, Kentucky and South Carolina.
'These maps are refining our views of what the actual shaking is,' Petersen said. 'Almost any place in the United States can have an earthquake.' Parts of 16 states, including Hawaii and California, have the highest risk for earthquake. Updated analysis from the map has added new high-risk areas to several states.
Colorado and Oklahoma were among those that recorded increased risk in some parts, and moved up to the second of the seven hazard classifications, Petersen said.
There are major faults and quake hazards along the entire West Coast, with an increased concern in the Cascadia region around Oregon. Southern Alaska, the big island of Hawaii, the Missouri-Tennessee-Arkansas-Illinois New Madrid fault area and Charleston round out the biggest hazard areas.
But shaking hazards are nearly everywhere.
Much of the country west of the Rockies, along with parts of Oklahoma and Tennessee, and sections of central Arkansas, northern Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, Michigan, Virginia, New York and New England saw an increase in shaking hazards for small buildings including houses.
Data: Newly produced maps have tracked where tremors have increased or decreased since 2008
Tremors: Staff gather outside an office in Washington DC after a 5.9 earthquake in August 2011 which was felt as far north as New York City
At the same time much of North Carolina, the northern tip of South Carolina, patches of Texas, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Nebraska, Arkansas, Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York had hazard levels lowered slightly.
Because a different type of risk analysis for tall buildings was applied to the date, the shaking hazard in New York City dropped ever so slightly, Petersen said.
The maps are produced to help calculate just how much shaking an area could potentially experience during the biggest quake likely over a building's lifetime.
Petersen said the maps sidestepped the issue of earthquakes created by injections of wastewater from oil and gas drilling in Oklahoma and other states. So far this year, nearly 250 small to medium quakes have hit Oklahoma.
Much of the research and cataloging was done by the nuclear industry in response to the quake and tsunami that crippled Japan's Fukushima reactor. Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, also came up with a better model to simulate shaking, Petersen said.
'I see it as a big improvement,' Cornell University seismologist Rowena Lohman said. 'They brought in more information.'
Shaking all over: Map of every major earthquake since 1898 reveals stunning image of planet's danger zones
If you are looking for somewhere safe from an earthquake, this might help. For this map shows the where every major quake has struck since 1898, and as you can see, the edge of the Pacific Ocean appears particularly dangerous. In total there are a staggering 203,186 of them, dotted all over the world.
The neon-coloured map was created as a side-project by mapping manager John Nelson, in a case of taking his work home with him, as he works for data-visualisation software maker IDV Solutions.
Michigan-based designer John Nelson charted a century's worth of earthquakes (a staggering 203,186 of them) across the globe
'Here, data from NCEDC.org and the USGS and UC Berkeley have been sliced out into veneers based on magnitude, then glued onto and image that began it's life at Nasa's Visual Earth and wrung into the Times projection (centered at the interesting bits).
Among the quakes John has mapped are the Great San Francisco Earthquake that killed 3,000 people and last year's disaster in Christchurch, New Zealand, which killed 185 people and destroyed many buildings.
As well as earthquakes, he has also created maps to show the path of each tornado in America over the last six decades using the Fujita Scale, or F-Scale, measures tornadoes based mainly on the amount of damage they cause to buildings and vegetation.
Rescuers search for survivors in a collapsed building in Manchester Street in Christchurch, New Zealand, in February last year
A cobblestone street, which was split down the middle after the Great Earthquake in San Francisco, California, in 1906
Three thousand people died in the earthquake that struck San Francisco in 1906
61 years of tornado tracks: The map, by John Nelson of IDV Solutions, shows the path of the violent storms, with the brightness of the lines indicating the intensity
The map, which uses U.S. Government data of where tornadoes 'touched down' between 1950 and 2011, has spread around the world in the last few weeks.
Fuelled by the success of this map, the creator is looking to bring out a new, interactive version, which will include 2012's data and allow you to filter the map by strength, year, location, seasons and other factors.
Christchurch resembles a warzone as office buildings, homes and churches lie in ruins after the 6.3 magnitude earthquake ripped through the city.
Rescue workers have been working for more than 24 hours to locate any survivors but in many cases, the damage is so great that there is little hope. The death toll is currently 75 but hundreds are still unaccounted for.
The Mail has brought together some of the most incredible pictures from what is one of the worst natural disasters in New Zealand's history. Eerily reminiscent of 9/11, they capture the raw power of the tremor and its devastating consequences.
Rising dust: Seconds after the Christchurch earthquake, this picture captured the scene of widespread devastation from afar
International aid: A Japanese rescue crew arrives at the rubble of CTV building where some of their countrymen are thought to be buried
Cracked: This cliffside road between Lyttelton - the quake's epicentre - and the suburb of Sumner had a chunk sheared off it
Reinforcements: An Australian team from the Queensland Urban Search and Rescue Task Force on board a plane bound for New Zealand
Broken landmark: The iconic Time Ball Station stands semi-destroyed
Hope: A Japanese rescue worker with a sniffer dog continues the increasingly desperate search for survivors
Little hope: Firefighters outside a collapsed building in Christchurch today
Is anyone there? Rescue teams used thermal cameras to locate survivors
Reduced to a pile of bricks: A Baptist church lies in ruins
Blocked: A fuel tanker had to be abandoned on the road between Lyttelton and Christchurch
Peeled away: A row of shops and offices is totally open after the front wall was ripped away
Safe: Residents sheltering at the Salvation Army centre at Cowles Stadium
Debris: A rescue worker hunting for signs of life in the Canterbury TV building
Destruction: A vehicle stuck in the road after the ground broke up
Crushed: A row of cars covered by a collapsed building
Reminiscent of 9/11: A rescue worker looks through the rubble of the CTV building
Shaken: The Timeball Station was badly damaged in the 6.3 magnitude earthquake
The massive earthquake - 8,000 times stronger than the one that hit New Zealand last month - sent a catastrophic 33 foot tsunami hurtling across the Pacific Ocean.
Thousands of people were forced to flee for their lives as the massive wave bore down on them, sweeping away everything in its path.
This afternoon, the Japanese declared a state of emergency at a nuclear power plant in Fukushima after the 8.9 quake caused the cooling system to fail.
Meanwhile, a ship carrying 100 people was swept away by the tsunami and bullet train carrying hundreds of passengers in the Miyagi region was missing. Their fate is unknown.
Terrifying: The tsunami slams into the shore line along Iwanuma in northern Japan after the 8.9 eathquake struck today
Overwhelmed: The tsunami engulfs a residential area in Natori, Miyagi
At least 200 to 300 bodies have been found in Sendai city, while dozens others were reported to have been killed in other areas of Japan.
Miyagi police also said that a ship carrying more than 100 people was washed away by a tsunami, without providing more details.
The death toll has now risen to 300 but it is feared thousands more are at risk as the true scale of the devastation becomes apparent and the tsunami rips across the ocean.
Tsunami warnings have been issued across the entire Pacific, as far away as South America, Canada, Alaska and the entire U.S. West Coast.
Hawaii and a number of low-lying islands including Guam were hit by the waves while The Red Cross has warned that the tsunami is higher than many of the islands themselves.
The first waves hit the island of Kauai at around 3.15am local time as the repercussions of the earthquake ripped through the ocean.
Kahului, on the island of Maui, has been worst hit. It was struck by waves measuring at least eight feet.
Many people were panic buying in stores and stocking up on petrol as the wave sped thousands of miles across the sea.
The tsunami which struck Sendai on the northeaster coast of Japan which has a population of about one million early this morning.
The earthquake was 8,000 times more powerful than the one that devastated Christchurch in New Zealand last month, experts said.
It struck at 2.46pm local time (0546 GMT) and was followed by 12 powerful aftershocks, seven of them at least 6.3 on the Richter scale, the size of the quake which struck New Zealand on February 22.
Cataclysmic: A small fishing vessel is dragged towards the vortex of a whirlpool formed by tsunami waves at a port in Oarai, in the state of Ibaraki
Washed away: These cars were about to be shipped from Hitachinaka City but instead were washed away by the flood
Closed: Sendia Airport in north-east Japan was one of the first places to be swamped by the tsunami that raced inland following the quake
Drivers were seen fleeing the waves on highways close to the coast as the impact of the huge quake swept ashore while the car park at Disneyland in Tokyo was submerged.
THE WORST QUAKES IN HISTORY
1.Valdivia, Chile, March 22, 1960 (magnitude of 9.5)
2.Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA, March 27, 1964 (9.2)
3.Sumatra, Indonesia, December 26, 2004 (9.1)
4.Kamchatka, Russia, November 4, 1952 (9.0)
5.Arica, Chile (then Peru), August 13, 1868 (9.0)
6.Sendai, Japan, March 11, 2011 (8.9)
Dramatic footage showed the surge washing away cars, a bridge and buildings at the mouth of the Hirose-gawa River, which flows through the centre of Sendai, while a roof caved in at a graduation ceremony in Tokyo.
A large ship swept away by the tsunami rammed directly into a breakwater in Kesennuma city in the Miyagi region, according to footage on public broadcaster NHK, and numerous people are believed to have been injured.
A passenger train that was carrying dozens of travellers was unaccounted for prompting fears that it could have been destroyed amid the devastation.
More than four million people are without power and the Japanese army has now been deployed.
All UK flights to Tokyo have been cancelled. Officials were trying to assess possible damage from the quake but had no immediate details.
Prime Minister David Cameron said the Japanese earthquake was a 'terrible reminder of the destructive power of nature' and pledged to help the country.
He added: 'Everyone should be thinking of the country and its people and I have asked immediately that our Government look at what we can do to help.'
Detailed map locating damage caused by a powerful earthquake which struck off Japan on Friday.
Wave of destruction: Giant fireballs rise from an oil refinery in Ichihara, Chiba, that was shaken by the tremors from the catastrophe
Chaos: Stunned office workers look on as smoke engulfs buildings in Tokyo following the tremors and aftershocks from the earthquake
Stunned residents walk past a crushed bus stop which was destroyed by part of a fallen outer wall of a nearby building in Sendai, Miyagi
Muddy tide: Mud and debris caught up in the encroaching tsunami wave that crashed into the Japanese mainland rushes through the tarmac car park at Sendai airport today
Destroyed: Resident clamber through the wreckage of houses in Iwaki, Fukushima which have been reduced to rubble by the earthquake
Utter devastation: Flames engulf houses in Sendai, Miyagi, after they were swallowed up by enormous waves that swept through Japan after a massive earthquake this morning
The quake struck at a depth of six miles, about 80 miles off the eastern coast, Japan’s meteorological agency said. The area is 240 miles (380km) north east of Tokyo.
Speaking on national television, Japanese prime minister Naoto Kan said: 'I offer my deepest sympathy to the people who have suffered the disaster.
‘Regarding our nuclear facilities, some of the plants have stopped automatically but so far no radioactive material has been confirmed to have been leaked to the outside.
‘Given the situation an emergency disaster response has been set up with myself as the head
‘We will secure the safety of the people of Japan. We ask the people of Japan to continue to be cautious and vigilant. We ask the people of Japan to react calmly.'
The government was preparing to send troops to the quake-hit areas to help relief efforts.
Sendai airport, north of Tokyo, was inundated with cars, trucks and buses and thick mud covered its runways.
At least 300 people have been reported dead, one of whom was hit by a collapsing wall at a Honda factory and several people are believed to have been buried in a landslide.
Thirty international search and rescue teams stand ready to go to Japan to provide assistance following a major earthquake, the United Nations said on Friday.
Creeping dread: In this image from Japan's NHK TV video footage, houses in Sendai are washed away by the tsunami as the waves power ashore
TSUNAMI THAT KILLED 250,000
'The thought 'This is it, the end' did cross my mind as a potential reality.
'Aftershocks were quite severe for a few hours after.'
Mrs Tamura Spragg, who lives in Kumagaya, Saitama, and has been in Japan for 10 years, continued: "People here are very calm - very Japanese, so to speak.'
She said the coastal regions in the north will have been affected "thousands of times worse'.
The team, working with the National Center for Airborne Laser Mapping, flew over an area near Mexicali, northern Mexico, that was hit by a magnitude 7.2 event in April 2010 and scanned it with LiDAR.
April 12, 2012 – CALIFORNIA - A pair of strong earthquakes rocked Mexico’s Gulf of California only minutes apart early Thursday, the U.S. Geological Survey reported. The quakes — magnitude 6.9 and6.2 — were centered about 85 miles northeast of Guerrero Negro in the Mexican state of Baja California, or 325 miles south-southwest of Phoenix in the United States. Both epicenters were shallow, a little more than six miles underground. No tsunami warnings were issued and there were no immediate reports of damage, but people as far north as Tucson, Arizona, reported feeling them. The temblors were recorded at 12:16 a.m. and 12:06 a.m. local time (3:16 a.m. and 3;06 a.m. ET). –CNN
April 12, 2012 – WORLD – A strong earthquake hit Mexico on Wednesday, shaking buildings and sending people running out of offices onto the streets of the capital Mexico City. The U.S. Geological Survey said the 6.5 -magnitude quake was centered on Mexico’s Pacific coast near Michoacan and struck fairly deep under the earth at 65 km or 40 miles. Prior to the Mexico earthquake, a powerful and shallow 5.9 struck near the Juan de Fuca tectonic plate off the coast of Oregon- indicating tectonic plates worldwide are being rattled by planetary seismic tension. Prior to Oregon earthquake, two massive 8.0+ magnitude earthquakes (8.6 and 8.2) struck the ocean floor off the north coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. As I warned in my book The Extinction Protocol, the power unleashed in these seismic events is growing. This is testament to the dangers and seriousness of the earth-changes facing us and how these events are unleashing more unbridled force with each successive eruption. The Indian Ocean strike-slip fault earthquakes are very unusual. As a matter of fact, I’ve never heard of a strike-slip lateral earthquake of this great a magnitude; especially under water. Preliminary assessment of the Indonesian quakes by U.S. geologists suggests one plate lurched past each other as much as 70 feet. San Andreas is a strike-slip, lateral- can we even imagine two sections of ground moving 70 feet near San Francisco? Had the force of the Sumatra quakes been unleashed upon San Andreas, the city would have been completely destroyed. Ironically, the largest surface displacement ever recorded in a lateral strike-slip fault was 21 feet and that was in the 1906 7.9 San Andreas earthquake. Just so we understand the significance of what transpired today; the Japanese March 11, 2011 earthquake move the ocean floor 79 feet sideways and 10 ft upwards, but today’s earthquakes happened in double 8.0+ magnitude sequence and moved the earth nearly as far. Worst, the seismic tension from the event ricocheted around the world and contributed to other earthquakes. On April 12, additional earthquakes hit the Gulf of California – a 6.2 and 6.9 magnitude earthquakes. The seismic tension appears to be far from over and now appears to be agitating the Pacific Plate subduction zones near Japan. –The Extinction Protocol
April 11, 2012 – PERSIAN GULF – Shaikh Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan UAE Foreign Minister Wednesday had harsh words for Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad for his visit to the UAE island of Abu Mousa. Abu Dhabi Shaikh Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan UAE Foreign Minister Wednesday said he condemned in the strongest possible terms a visit made by Iran’s President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad to the UAE island of Abu Mousa. Abu Mousa has been occupied by Iran since 1971. Shaikh Abdullah blasted the visit as a “flagrant violation” of the UAE’s sovereignty over its territories and a “setback” to all efforts and attempts by the UAE to find a peaceful settlement to Iran’s occupation of the three UAE islands: Greater and Lesser Tunbs, and Abu Mousa, either through direct negotiations or resort to the International Court of Justice. –Gulf News
April 11, 2012 – ARIZONA – According to the Arizona Geological Survey, 131 earthquakes were detected in 2011 compared with 53 in 2010. That was twice as many as in 2009 and about a third more than in 2008. Most of the earthquakes were in the northwestern part of the state. The Yuma area was also shaken by earthquakes associated with the Gulf of California Rift Zone. Many of these earthquakes (magnitude ca. 1.6) occurred near Lake Mead. These are attributed to mining and quarrying, and also to crustal adjustments to water going into and out of the lake. The strongest earthquakes (magnitude ca. 3.6) occurred near Clarkdale in the central part of the state. The Survey says that these events are consistent with past behavior: “a propensity for deeper seismicity to occur in two pockets, the northwestern Utah-Arizona border and well within the Colorado Plateau in the northeast corner of the state” and “the highest concentration of energy release correlates well with the pattern of established Quaternary faulting, indicating that this portion of the crust continues to be an active area of strain release and of particular interest for hazard studies in Arizona.” The strain is due to on-going crustal extension. –Tucson Citizen
April 11, 2012 – INDONESIA – A massive earthquake struck off the coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra on Wednesday afternoon, triggering a tsunami alert for the Indian Ocean. The quake struck about 434 kilometers (270 miles) southwest of Banda Aceh, the capital of Indonesia’s Aceh province, and had a magnitude of 8.6, the U.S. Geological Survey said. It took place at a depth of 23 kilometers (14 miles). The massive earthquake was followed by a 6.0 in the north Indian Ocean and then a 8.2 earthquake near the main epicenter. The tremor revived fearful memories of the catastrophic earthquake and tsunami in the region in 2004 that killed tens of thousands of people. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center said Wednesday that it had issued a tsunami watch for the entire Indian Ocean, and the Indonesian Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency said it had put up a tsunami warning. The Indonesian president, Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, said on local television that there were no reports of casualties or damage in Aceh so far. The areas most at risk of a tsunami are coastal areas of Aceh, particularly the island of Simeulue, Prih Harjadi, an official for the Indonesian geophysics agency said on Metro TV. The earthquake appears to have involved a horizontal movement rather than a vertical movement, so it is less likely that it will generate a tsunami, said Gary Gibson from the Seismology Research Center in Melbourne, Australia. He also said that the tremor took place a long way offshore and was therefore unlikely to have caused much damage itself. The power has gone out in Banda Aceh and residents are moving to higher ground, said Sutopo Purwo Nugroho, a spokesman for the Indonesian National Disaster Management Agency. The authorities in India’s Andaman and Nicobar Islands have ordered people to move out of low-lying areas. -CNN
The resulting photograph of George Lawrence's camera, souring 2,000 feet above the bay, earned him over $15,000 at the time for his photograph's mass publication in newspapers around the world.
Has the San Andreas quake lull been caused by flood control?
U.S. Geological Survey marine geologist Daniel Brothers said: 'We have gone back through time and built one of the longest and most robust earthquake records available.'
'We don't know if the next earthquake on the San Andreas Fault will be bigger because of the prolonged quiescent period.'
FIRE AND BRIMSTONE IN PARADISE
Dennis M. Sabangan / EPAFilipinos drive past a damaged national highway after a 6.9-magnitude earthquake in Guihulngan Town, province of Negros Oriental, Central Philippines, on Feb. 7. At least 22 people were dead and many more missing after an earthquake triggered landslides and collapsed houses in the central Philippines, an army commander said.In this photo taken on Tuesday, Feb. 7, 2012, residents use improvised ladders to cross a damaged bridge at Guihulngan township, Negros Oriental province in central Philippines, after Monday's magnitude-6.9 earthquake shook at least three central Philippine provinces. Dozens of people were still missing Tuesday following a strong earthquake that triggered landslides and damaged buildings and roads on a central Philippine island.(AP Photo)
- Family members of a villager who died in a landslide caused by an earthquake grieve in La Libertad, Negros Oriental in central Philippines on Feb. 7. Philippine rescuers searched on Tuesday for 29 residents of a mountainside community feared dead after a landslide triggered by an earthquake engulfed their homes.Dozens of people were still missing following a strong earthquake that triggered landslides and damaged buildings and roads on a central Philippine island.There were reports of at least 14 more deaths, but the number will be added to the official count only after authorities verify that the bodies have been recovered, he said.The quake was caused by movement in an undersea fault 44 miles (72 kilometers) north of Dumaguete, the capital of Negros Oriental province, and about 400 miles (650 kilometers) southeast of the nation's capital, Manila. It hit at a depth of 29 miles (46 kilometers).With at least 82 people still missing, many of them in landslides that buried homes, the casualties could top a 2004 quake on Mindoro Island, south of Manila. Seventy-eight people died there in 2004, about half of them in a quake-triggered tsunami. A local tsunami alert was issued following Monday's temblor but was soon canceled.The Philippines is in the Pacific "Ring of Fire," where earthquakes and volcanic activity are common. The damage and casualties are compounded by shoddy construction in the impoverished nation. A magnitude-7.7 quake killed nearly 2,000 people in northern Luzon in 1990.
- Filipinos view their houses damaged by a landslide a day after a 6.9-magnitude earthquake in La Libertad town, province of Negros Oriental, Central Philippines, on Feb. 7.October 23, 2011, a shallow but powerful earthquake struck Eastern Turkey in the early afternoon, destroying more than 2,000 buildings and shaking the ground for hundreds of miles. The magnitude 7.2 quake was centered near the city of Van, close to the border with Iran, with the greatest destruction occurring in the nearby town of Ercis. To date, at least 432 people are confirmed to have been killed and another 1,350 injured. Rescue workers have already saved dozens from the rubble, including a two-week-old baby, her mother, and her grandmother earlier today. Collected here are images from eastern Turkey as rescue work continues and tens of thousands of survivors now find themselves homeless.
Filipinos carry the coffin of their relative who was killed during a 6.9-magnitude earthquake in Tayasan Town, province of Negros Oriental, Central Philippines, on Feb. 7.
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